How to Improve Gas Turbine Power Plant Performance and Power?

Did you know that the most widely used power generation technology is the gas turbine? It is readily apparent when you go back in time that this technology was in its experimental form as early as the 1900s. The first gas turbine-based electrical power system was introduced in 1939, despite the fact that the original turbines were designed for use in aircraft.

The economic advantages and dependability of the gas turbine are unmatched thanks to research and development. What is the gas turbine theory, though, that underlies this potent device used in aviation, business, and other contexts? The talk that follows is intended to give those who are unfamiliar with this equipment a fundamental understanding of its parts, mode of operation, and power increase. This article will get you ready for a more open dialogue with the supplier or manufacturer and help you understand the fundamentals of gas turbine theory if you’re considering buying a gas turbine or are just curious about the ones you already own.

What are Gas turbines?

Gas turbines have been used to produce power since 1939. One of the most often utilized power generation systems today is the gas turbine. Internal combustion (IC) engines called gas turbines burn fuel and air to produce hot gases that spin a turbine to generate power. Gas turbines get their name from the hot gas that is produced during fuel burning, not from the fuel itself.

The compressor, turbine, and combustion chamber are the turbine’s three main components, despite the turbine’s modest weight and small size. The turbine obtains energy from the gases, the compressor increases the pressure of the combustion air, and the combustion chamber burns the fuel/air mixture.

  • Small gas turbines
  • Micro gas turbines
  • Industrial type gas turbines
  • Aeroderivative gas turbines
  • Heavy duty turbines

Turbine control systems monitor excessive fuel emissions, fuel control, and vibration monitoring. 3500/32, 3500/42M, 3500/15, are examples of Bently Nevada parts.

How the Turbine Works

The gas turbine hypothesis states that the purpose of this machinery is to transform fuels like natural gas into mechanical energy. In order to create electricity, this energy powers a generator. The ambient air entering the compressor is where it all begins. Prior to sending the altered air to the combustion chamber, the compressor raises the air’s temperature and pressure. Here, an extremely hot gas is produced by heating the air-fuel mixture at high pressures and temperatures (around 2000° F). By passing through the turbine blades, this gas accelerates them to a very rapid rotation. Alternatively put, it generates work that causes the driving shaft to rotate rapidly. Electricity generated by this technique can be fed into the grid.
This is called a Brayton thermodynamic cycle.

Axial flow or centrifugal flow compressors are both possible. Due to their higher flow rates and efficiencies, axial flow compressors are more frequently used in power generation. Air is drawn parallel to the axis of rotation through axial flow compressors’ multiple stages of rotating and stationary blades, or stators, and is incrementally compressed as it moves through each stage. As the air is accelerated by the rotating blades and diffused by the stators, pressure is increased and air volume is decreased. The air is compressed, which raises the temperature even though no additional heat is being added.

Approaches to improve an empirical application of turbine power theory

Waste heat is one factor that can impact turbine efficiency. A recuperator, a device that harnesses energy from exhaust, can solve this issue. Aside from that, one of the biggest advancements in turbine power is the removal of temperature restrictions on ambient inlet air. The ideal (ISO) operating conditions for a gas turbine are 15° C and 60% relative humidity. If the outside temperature is higher than the ISO temperature, operation may be reduced. In hot climates, where the average ambient temperature is usually higher than 30° C, this is a common issue. As a result, the turbine’s output is decreased, and the characteristics of the exhaust gases are altered.

How is power increase possible?

For many years, the focus has always been on extending the life of the turbines, neglecting the need for performance. The purpose of cooling technologies is to boost the compressor’s flow rate of combustion air. Since most turbines have fixed volumetric capacities, the only way to increase mass flow rate is to raise air density.

Also Read: Gold Vs Fixed Deposit: Which has a higher return?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *